A new record of the genus Astragalus L. (A. wagneri Bunge) is given from East Anatolia; it is compared with the related species A. dictyophysus Reuter ex Bunge. On the other hand, a taxon previously considered in Turkish Flora as a synonym, A. lycaonicus Hub.Mor. & Reese is reevaluated as a distinct species; a discussion of the taxonomy of this species and the related A. mesogitanus Boiss. is provided. A full description and an illustration of A. wagneri and a description of A. lycaonicus are given. A distribution map of the four species in Turkey is produced.