This study covers water ways in the city Istanbul, having the characteristics of a museum. The article gives information on the historical water systems and emphasizes the changes in and deterioration of the Kirkcesme Water System from the time it was constructed. These values-which have not been preserved as a result of inadequate planning, wrong policies, rapid development, and changes and distortions caused by lack of awarenesshave been identified through a literature review and an on-site review. The problem identified in the article is a neglect to preserve the waterways as cultural assets. The aim of this study is to propose a method to detect and protect water structures in the sampling area. Physical analysises were not possible due to the large number of structures and the inability to reach laboratory facilities. This article suggests that there be an implementation of a management model necessary for protection.