Predictive modelling and optimization of performance and emissions of an auto-ignited heavy naphtha/n-heptane fueled HCCI engine using RSM

Kocakulak T., HALİS S., Ardebili S. M. S., Babagiray M., Haşimoğlu C., Rabeti M., ...More

Fuel, vol.333, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 333
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fuel.2022.126519
  • Journal Name: Fuel
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: HCCI engine, Heavy naphtha, Optimization approach, Response surface methodology
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdIn this study, the effects of engine speed and lambda input parameters of a single-cylinder HCCI engine on the performance, combustion and emissions with the use of fuels with different concentrations were investigated. As finding of the best operating point of the engine perfomance is vital, therefore, in this research work the Response Surface Method waas used to model and optimize the process. The processes of determining the experimental sets, creating the model equations of the response parameters and performing the optimization were carried out with the RSM method. The engine speed was determined as 800–1600 rpm, the lambda value was 1.8–2.6 and the naphtha ratio in the mixed fuel was 0–100 %. As a result of the study, ANOVA tables, model equations, contour graphics of response parameters were created and the effects of input parameters were examined in detail. The accuracy of the model equations created by comparing the estimated and actual response parameter values has been strengthened. After the optimization, the optimum input parameters were calculated as 75 % naphtha ratio, 1166.75 rpm engine speed and 2.12 lambda value. The response parameter values obtained depending on the optimum input parameters are effective torque 6.26 Nm, indicated thermal efficiency 33.09 %, BSFC 196.79 g/kWh, CA10 0.77 °CA, CA50 5.6 °CA, combustion duration 28.84 °CA, COVimep 1.46 %, MPRR It was determined as 6.24 bar/°CA, UHC 375.96 ppm and CO 0.05 %.