Enhanced crude oil biodegradation and rhamnolipid production by Pseudomonas stutzeri strain G11 in the presence of Tween-80 and Triton X-100

Celik G. Y. , Aslim B. , Beyatli Y.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY, vol.29, no.6, pp.867-870, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Page Numbers: pp.867-870


In this study, the growth of sixty-one bacterial strains in crude oil were determined spectrophotometrically at 620 nm. Pseudomonas aeruginosa G11 Pseudomonas fluorescens G6, Pseudomonas stutzeri G11 and Pseudomonas putida G15 were chosen for the study based on the efficiency of crude oil utilisation. At 1%(v/v) crude oil concentration, P. stutzeri G11 strain degraded a maximum of 69%. The percentage of degradation by the P. stutzeri G11 strain decreased from 69% to 59% as the concentration of crude oil was increased from 1% (v/v) to 2.5% (v/v). Strain G11 was selected to determine the effects of surfactants(Tween-80 and TritonX-100) on the biodegradation of crude oil. While strain G11 showed 76% degradation at mineral salts medium (MSM) containing 1% (v/v) crude oil + 1% (vlv) TritonX-100, it showed 61% degradation at MSM containing 2.5% (6) crude oil + 2.5% (v/v)TritonX-100. Also, degradation rate of this strain was 96% in the presence of 1% (v/v) crude oil + 1% (v/v) Tween-80, while degradation rate was 48% in the presence of 2.5% (v/v) crude oil + 2.5% (v/v) Tween-80. Additionally, we investigated the rhamnolipid production of P. stutzeri G11 strain both in crude oil and in crude oil + two different surfactants (TritonX-100 and Tween-80, separately), These results suggest that surfactants have improved both crude oil degradation and rhamnolipid production and the degradation rates have depended very much on the chemical structure of surfactants