This study identifies the current water management practices of Turkey in terms of legal and institutional framework. The gradual development of water management in Turkey as a candidate country of European Union (EU) was evaluated. In addition, the problems encountered in the water management practices and the lessons learned are discussed in the historical process. The proposed structure is designed to be managed at the level of the river basin in an integrated manner with the coordinated work of relevant institutions and the participation of stakeholders, taking into account the quality and quantity of all water resources. In this regard, handling basin specific issues via sufficient data and information, increasing awareness and knowledge, as well as strengthening stakeholder participation are suggested.