Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly individuals living alone and with their families. Participants and Method: The sample of the study included 872 elderly individuals who agreed to participate in the study, were aged 65 or over, and lived in Ankara. The data were gathered from a survey, using face-to-face interviews. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used in evaluating each individual's nutrition. Results: The rate of malnutrition in the study population was 5% while the malnutrition risk was 67%. The rate of malnutrition in the individuals living alone was found to be higher than that of those living with their families. The rates of malnutrition in individuals living alone and with their families were, respectively, 7% and 4%, and the rates of malnutrition risk in individuals living alone and with their families were, respectively, 73% and 66% (p<0.05). In both groups, there were significant relationships between individuals' ages, BMI values, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and calf circumference measurements and their MNA scores. While there was a negative and significant relationship between age and MNA scores, the relationships between other parameters and MNA scores were positive and significant (p<0.01). Conclusion: In this study, it was revealed that the nutrition of elderly individuals living alone differs from the nutrition of elderly individuals living with their families. Malnutrition rates were higher in individuals living alone. Raising the awareness of elderly people and their families regarding the need to improve and maintain nutrition would be beneficial.