Bond strength of veneering porcelain to zirconia after different surface treatments

ÇEVİK P., Cengiz D., Malkoc M. A.

JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.30, no.22, pp.2466-2476, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01694243.2016.1184779
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2466-2476
  • Keywords: SIE technique, shear bond strength, surface treatment, Nd:YAG laser, zirconia, ND-YAG LASER, Y-TZP, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, FLEXURAL STRENGTH, RESIN CEMENT, CERAMICS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of various surface treatments on the bond strength of veneering feldspathic porcelain to zirconia. Methods: Fifty yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline specimens were divided into five groups (n = 10) according to various surface treatments. The groups were as follows: Group 1: control group with liner application and no further surface treatment; Group 2: air-particle abrasion with 110 mu m of alumina (Al2O3) particles; Group 3: grinding with a diamond disk; Group 4: Nd:YAG laser irradiation (the laser and the energy parameters were 10 Hz, and 2 W and 200 mJ, and the pulse duration (short pulse) range was up to 180 mu s); Group 5: selective infiltration etching (SIE). After surface treatments, a liner application was performed for all surfaces according to the manufacturer's instructions. Veneering porcelain was applied on zirconia surfaces using a Teflon mold. Shear bond strength was tested using a universal testing machine. The fractured surface morphologies were examined with scanning electron microscopy. The data were statistically analyzed using Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests (alpha = .05). Results: The Megapascal values of the bonding groups were as follows: G1 = 8.62 +/- 1.12, G2 = 13.87 +/- 5.08, G3 = 12.31 +/- 3.35, G4 = 17.32 +/- 6.16, and G5 = 16.17 +/- 4.55. Statistically significant differences were observed between the control group and the other groups (p < 0.05). Group 4 had the highest bond strength while G1 showed the lowest bond strength. No significant differences were found between the Nd: YAG, grinding, sandblasting, and SIE groups. Conclusion: Surface treatments had different effects on the shear bond strength of feldspathic porcelain to zirconia. Surface treatment techniques used in this study can be used on zirconia specimens prior to liner application to obtain an acceptable bond strength of veneering porcelain to zirconia. The effect of Nd: YAG laser irradiation and SIE techniques on bond strength of veneering ceramic to zirconia should be evaluated with further studies.