Orthognathic treatment of facial asymmetry due to temporomandibular joint ankylosis

GÜLŞEN A., Sibar S., Ozmen S.

ARCHIVES OF PLASTIC SURGERY-APS, vol.45, no.1, pp.74-79, 2018 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5999/aps.2016.01774
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.74-79
  • Keywords: Cephalometry, Facial asymmetry, Maxillofacial development, Orthognathic surgery, Temporomandibular joint
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to present a case series of the orthognathic treatment of facial asymmetry due to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis and to characterize the current treatment modalities through a literature review. Four patients who presented with facial asymmetry due to TMJ ankylosis between 2010 and 2014 were included in this study. TMJ ankylosis was surgically treated before bimaxillary surgery with advancement genioplasty in some of the cases. In 2 cases, 3-dimensional (3D) models were used for diagnosis and treatment planning, as 3D models are very important tools for planning surgical maneuvers. Aesthetically pleasant facial symmetry and a good facial profile were obtained in all the cases.