Lyapunov Energy Function Based Control Method for Three-Phase UPS Inverters With Output Voltage Feedback Loops

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Bayhan S., Seyedalipour S. S., Komurcugil H., Abu-Rub H.

IEEE ACCESS, vol.7, pp.113699-113711, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2019.2934404
  • Journal Name: IEEE ACCESS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.113699-113711
  • Keywords: Voltage control, Uninterruptible power systems, Inverters, Steady-state, Robustness, Feedback loop, Active filters, Uninterruptible power supply inverter, Lyapunov energy function, output voltage feedback, steady-state error, robustness
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


In this study, a Lyapunov energy function based control method with output voltage feedback loops is proposed for three-phase uninterruptible power supply (UPS) inverters. The presented paper demonstrates that the traditional Lyapunov-energy-function-based control method not only leads to considerable steady-state error in the output voltage, but also distorts the output voltage waveforms. Therefore, a modification has been performed on the traditional Lyapunov-energy-function-based control by incorporating the output voltage feedback loops in the control variables. The robustness of the proposed control method has been studied analytically through transfer functions which are expressed as the ratio of the output voltage to its reference. These analytical results are validated experimentally. In addition, the steady-state and dynamic performances of the proposed control method are also tested experimentally on a three-phase UPS inverter operating with linear (resistive) and nonlinear (diode-bridge rectifier) loads. As a consequence of incorporating output voltage feedback loops into the control variables, the proposed control method offers strong robustness against variations in LC filter parameters, high-quality sinusoidal output voltage along with acceptable total harmonic distortion (THD) values under linear and nonlinear loads, fast dynamic response under abrupt load changes, and negligibly small steady-state error in the output voltage.