Performance improvement in direct borohydride/peroxide fuel cells


Sanli A. E. , GÖRDESEL YILDIZ M. , Yilmaz E. S. , Ozden S. K. , Gunlu G., Uysal B. Z.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.42, no.12, pp.8119-8129, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.08.105
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.8119-8129
  • Keywords: Borohydride, Peroxide, Fuel cell design, Short term performance, ANODE CATALYSTS, HOLLOW NANOSPHERES, NANOPARTICLES, ELECTROCATALYSIS, MEMBRANE, STACK

Abstract

Direct borohydride/peroxide fuel cells (DBPFCs) show progressively deteriorating performance during operation for various reasons such as decreasing reactant concentrations, gas evolution and uneven distribution of liquids. The present study aims to emphasize the importance of certain design parameters, such as bipolar plate materials, flow fields and manifold design, in determining the DBPFC performance. Bipolar materials and flow channel design have been investigated. A power density of 67 mW cm(-2) has been obtained with composite graphite and parallel flow channel bipolar plates. It has increased to 87 mW cm(-2) using sintered graphite and then to 93.3 mW cm(-2) using sintered graphite with serpentine flow fields. The stacking of DBPFCs results in a loss of performance and unstable output. The performance has remained nearly unchanged as the cell number was increased by applying an independent cell liquid distribution network (ICLDN). Using an ICLDN, power densities of 98.3, 83.3 and 82 mW cm(-2) have been obtained for single-cell, 3-cell and 6-cell stacks, respectively. Finally, a controlled oxidant feeding system (COFS) has been developed to provide stable output power, and it has demonstrated a stable output power of 6 W for 2.5 h. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.