Association of Genetic Polymorphisms in Vitamin D Receptor Gene and Susceptibility to Sporadic Prostate Cancer


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Onen I. H. , Ekmekci A., Eroglu M., Konaç E. , Yeşil S. , Biri H.

EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.233, pp.1608-1614, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 233
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.3181/0803-rm-110
  • Title of Journal : EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1608-1614

Abstract

Genetic and environmental factors are involved in prostate cancer (PCa) etiology. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may contribute to the PCa pathogenesis. The goal of this study is to determine the role of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and haplotypes in the development and progression of sporadic PCa. One hundred and thirty-three PCa patients and 157 age-matched healthy controls were genotyped for the ApaI (rs7975232), BsmI (rs1544410) and TaqI (rs731236) polymorphisms in VDR gene by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. An association was observed between the ApaI polymorphism and PCa predisposition (P = 0.03). When compared with AA genotype, there was a highly notable difference in the frequencies of the Aa (P = 0.02), aa (P = 0.026) and ApaI "a" allele carriers (Aa + aa) (P = 0.009) genotypes. Furthermore, we found a statistical difference in the allele frequencies of the ApaI polymorphism between the sporadic PCa patients and control subjects (P = 0.013). The genotype distribution for the BsmI and TaqI polymorphisms were similar between cases and controls (P > 0.05). No clinically significant relationship was found between the three-locus haplotypes and development of sporadic PCa. The genotype frequencies for the three polymorphisms of the VDR gene within subgroups of PCa (defined by tumor stage, Gleason score, PSA levels) were also analyzed, but no statistically noteworthy difference was observed (P > 0.05). As far as we know, this is the first study which investigates the relationship between VDR genotypes and sporadic PCa in the Turkish population. Our findings suggest that the VDR ApaI (rs7975232) polymorphism may play a role in the development of sporadic PCa. Exp Biol Med 233:1608-1614, 2008