Transmitting Values From Past To Future: A Strategic Program Inquiry For Ankara Victory Square (Zafer Meydani)

DİNÇ KALAYCI P., Ozdemir D. A.

MEGARON, vol.16, no.1, pp.27-38, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/megaron.2020.77674
  • Journal Name: MEGARON
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-38
  • Keywords: Ankara Zafer Meydani (Ankara Victory Square), architectural programming, history, urban heritage, urban space
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Visioning the future of a significant urban space should be done via a thorough inquiry process, a process of decoding the values and meanings that make that urban space unique. Differences between the present/ongoing program and the specific past uses in these spaces display the socio-cultural changes of societies as they also facilitate the sound base for future scenarios. The present study focuses on The Victory Square (Zafer Meydani), a meaningful urban space located in the city center of Ankara since 1925. Architectural programming is considered as a potential for promoting the values of spaces including urban areas. Accordingly, the present study proposes a 3-step programming model; focusing firstly on the past uses of the square (history), secondly the current conditions of the space (on-site analyses), and finally the value list to which a possible program should be referring (the strategic program). The study proposes a vision statement and considers public use, culture, greenery, flexibility, comfort, ecology, references, and integration as the main values that transmit past uses to future projections for the specific urban space. Recommendations for functional programming, which is one step further, have also been addressed. The 3-step model (historic inquiry, on-site analyses and strategic programming) presented in the study gathers the inquiry process around values, therefore the proposed model consists the originality of the study. Besides, Victory Square has been subject to limited number of research in the field of history up to now, therefore this study was devoted to diagnosing and transmitting the values that this unique space had in history to visionary scenarios and designs.