The relationship between waist to height ratio and physical activity status

Acar Tek N. , Akbulut G. , Ayyıldız F.

25th European Congress on Obesity, Vienna, Austria, May 23-26, 2018, Vienna, Austria, 23 - 25 May 2018, pp.338

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Vienna
  • Country: Austria
  • Page Numbers: pp.338


Introduction: Physical inactivity has been identified as one of the leading preventable causes of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, colon and breast cancer and depression. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is a proxy for central (visceral) adipose tissue. It also received attention as a Abstracts Obes Facts 2018;11(suppl 1):1–358 339 marker of early health risk. This study was planned to determine physical activity status according to waist to height ratio classification. Methods: This study was conducted among 980 individuals (365 males and 615 females). Physical activity status was evaluated using IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form). Metabolic Equivalent Task (MET) was calculated by IPAQ evaluation. Physical activity was classified in three categories as low, moderate, high. Body waist and height were measured and waist to height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. Beside actual waist to height ratio (WHtR) of individuals were assessed according to Ashwell classification as ‘no increased risk’ (WHtR <0.5), ‘increased risk’ (WHtR ≥0.5 and ‘very high risk’ (WHtR ≥0.6). Results: Tab. 1. Physical activity status according to waist to height ratio classification Waist/heigt ratio classification No increased risk (<0.5) Increased risk (0.5–0.6) Very high risk (≥0.6) Total Physical activity n % n % n % n % Male Low 19 79.2 4 16.7 1 4.2 24 100.0 χ2:6.28 p:0.179 (n:365) Moderate 126 55.8 85 37.6 15 6.6 226 100.0 High 67 58.3 44 38.3 4 3.5 115 100.0 Female Low 30 71.4 11 26.2 1 2.4 42 100.0 χ2:2.73 p:0.603 (n:615) Moderate 320 69.4 111 24.1 30 6.5 461 100.0 High 83 74.1 25 22.3 4 3.6 112 100.0 Males and females who had low level physical activity had no increased health risk according to WHtR (79.2% and 71.4% respectively). 6.6% of males and 6.5% of females had very high risk and low level physical activity. While physical activity was high level both males and females, only 3.5%of males and 3.6% of females had very high health risk according to waist to height ratio. There was no significant association of physical activity with waist circumference or waist to hip ratio in both gender (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Any anthropometric measure isn’t sufficient in identifying people at ‘early health risk .Further studies must be investigated a lot of risk factors such as sex, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and family history