Optimisation of Cutting Tool and Cutting Parameters in Face Milling of Custom 450 through the Taguchi Method

Gokce H.

ADVANCES IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, vol.2019, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Stainless steels with unique corrosion resistance are used in applications with a wide range of fields, especially in the medical, food, and chemical sectors, to maritime and nuclear power plants The low heat conduction coefficient and the high mechanical properties make the workability of stainless steel materials difficult and cause these materials to be in the class of hard-to-process materials. In this study, suitable cutting tools and cutting parameters were determined by the Taguchi method taking surface roughness and cutting tool wear into milling of Custom 450 martensitic stainless steel. Four different carbide cutting tools, with 40, 80, 120, and 160 m/min cutting speeds and 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.2 mm/rev feed rates, were selected as cutting parameters for the experiments. Surface roughness values and cutting tool wear amount were determined as a result of the empirical studies. ANOVA was performed to determine the significance levels of the cutting parameters on the measured values. According to ANOVA, while the most effective cutting parameter on surface roughness was the feed rate (% 50.38), the cutting speed (% 81.15) for tool wear was calculated.