Workability test method for metals applied to examine a workability measure (plastic limit) for clays

Baran B., Erturk T., Sarikaya Y., Alemdaroglu T.

APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol.20, pp.53-63, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0169-1317(01)00042-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-63
  • Keywords: clay, compression test, kaolen, kaolinite, plasticity, upset test, workability
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


The Kure clay (KC) and the Deresakari clay (DC), taken from the Sogut region (Bilecik, Turkey), were examined by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis techniques. It was determined that the KC and DC, whose basic clay mineral was kaolinite, contained 37% and 66% free quartz as mass percentage, respectively. The compression and upset tests applied to metals were applied to KC and DC. The KC and DC green bodies were passed through an extruder, and cylindrical clay green bodies having different moisture contents were obtained and used in the experiments. The yield stresses (sigma (0.2)) were determined from the compression tests. Plastic tensile strain limit values (epsilon (theta)*) were determined from the upset tests. The product of the two characteristic values, sigma (epsilon)(*)(0,2)(theta)(,) was defined as the workability. The variation of the sigma (0.2), epsilon (0)* and sigma (0.2)epsilon (theta)* values as a function of the moisture content of the green bodies was discussed for KC and DC. From the maxima of the sigma (0.2) curves, the optimum moisture percentages were determined as 22.0 and 26.5 for the KC and DC, respectively. These results and the results obtained from the Atterberg and Pfefferkorn tests were discussed comparatively. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.