Objective: Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) (chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis-Hashimoto's thyroiditis), which is the most common inflammatory disorder of the thyroid gland, causes hypothyroidism. Ultrasound elastography is a newly developed sonographic technique that provides an estimation of tissue elasticity by measuring the degree of tissue displacement under the application of an external force. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the accuracy of strain index ratio with real-time ultrasound elastography and to calculate the cut-off point for the diagnosis of CAT. Our aim was also to lead further studies on other pathological changes such as lymphoma, malign nodules etc. based on CAT by using this cut-off point. The gains from this study and further studies will assist clinical diagnoses and follow-up.