Control of active suspension system in the presence of nonlinear spring and damper

Kilicaslan S.

SCIENTIA IRANICA, vol.29, no.3, pp.1221-1235, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.24200/sci.2021.58189.5607
  • Journal Name: SCIENTIA IRANICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Arab World Research Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1221-1235
  • Keywords: Active suspension system, Nonlinear spring, Nonlinear damper, State-dependent Riccati equation, Approximating sequence of Riccati equation, SLIDING MODE CONTROL, ADAPTIVE-CONTROL, VEHICLE SUSPENSION, TRACKING CONTROL, DESIGN
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The present study developed two simple and easy methods in terms of computation and application using State Dependent Riccati Equation (SDRE) and Approximating Sequence of Riccati Equation (ASRE) techniques to control active suspension system in the presence of nonlinear spring and damper. In addition, this study made a comparison regarding the effectiveness of both control methods developed by the mentioned techniques. To this end, first, the methodologies of both approaches were discussed. Second, the nonlinear dynamics of the vehicle suspension system was described in terms of conveniently selected state variables for better control performance. Third, a cost function was proposed considering the suspension and tire deflections, sprung mass velocity and acceleration, and unsprung mass velocity variables to improve the ride quality, suspension deflection, and tire deflection. In addition, a convenient representation of this cost function in terms of state variables was obtained to realize better control. Two forms of road disturbance were also taken into account called the bump, expressed as a sinusoidal function, and road roughness, expressed as a white noise. Finally, a quarter-car suspension system, which was the equivalent model of Ford Fiesta Mk2, was used as an example to perform simulations using the developed control methods t he results of which were compared with the performance requirements and corresponding passive suspension system. (C) 2022 Sharif University of Technology. All rights reserved.