Internet of Things in Smart and Conventional Wearable Healthcare Devices

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JOURNAL OF POLYTECHNIC-POLITEKNIK DERGISI, vol.22, no.3, pp.695-714, 2019 (ESCI) identifier


With the Internet entering the lives of people towards the end of the 1990s, it became possible for devices anywhere in the world to communicate with each other. At the beginning of the 2000s, Internet technology was followed by the rapidly development of smart mobile technology. By using the sensors integrated in these intelligent mobile technologies, it was possible to obtain many different data from the environment of the individual. The data that obtained via wired or wireless internet then collected and analyzed by a center. In this way, various information about the environment in which the person or device is located and can be reached in a short time. These developments reveal the phenomenon that things communicate with each other over the internet. Extensive research and applications related to IoT are currently underway in various fields. One of the most used areas of IoT is health care. In diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the diseases, especially the daily life of the patient outside the hospital is of great importance. The best way to obtain this data is to use IoT wearable or implantable healthcare devices. The aim of this study is to summarize the findings obtained from wearable and implantable health device applications made as conventional and intelligent system based on IoT up to now. In the light of these findings, we will introduce various proposals by addressing the fundamental problems of the future of IoT-based applications.