Adaptive Roles of Plant Development and Genome Structure Against Soil Composition


Gürkök T., Dölarslan M., Gül E., Türktaş Erken M.

Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, cilt.30, sa.4, ss.4031-4042, 2021 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Dergi Adı: Fresenius Environmental Bulletin
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.4031-4042

Özet

The physical and chemical properties of soil affect the nature of the vegetation grown on it. Hence differences in parent material and soil characteristics play important roles in determining the diversity and distribution areas of plant communities. Genomic plasticity emerges as an important player in adaptation to changing environmental conditions. Consequently, identifying adaptive characters and related pathways is important for maintaining the efficiency of natural ecosystems under different conditions. We examined th relation between soil properties, genome size and morphology of the plant samples. We reported the genome size of five species for the first time examined by flow cytometry. The analyses showed that genome sizes show variations between the samples grown on different parent materials. We examined putative influence of soil properties on nuclear DNA content and morphology of the plant samples. Among those features, CaCO3 and SOM content of the soil are of particular relevance in relation to genome size and morphology of the samples.