Ra-226, Th-232 AND K-40 RADIONUCLIDES ENHANCEMENT RATE AND DOSE ASSESSMENT FOR RESIDUES OF LIGNITE-FIRED THERMAL POWER PLANTS IN TURKEY


Parmaksiz A., Arikan P., Vural M., Yeltepe E., Tukenmez I.

RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY, cilt.147, sa.4, ss.548-554, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 147 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/rpd/ncq578
  • Dergi Adı: RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.548-554

Özet

A total of 77 coal, slag and fly ash samples collected from six thermal power plants were measured by gamma-ray spectrometry. The average Ra-226 activity concentrations in coal, slag and fly ash were measured as 199.8 +/- 16.7, 380.3 +/- 21.8 and 431.5 +/- 29.0 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The average Th-232 activity concentrations in coal, slag and fly ash were measured as 32.0 +/- 2.4, 74.0 +/- 9.0 and 87.3 +/- 9.8 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The average K-40 activity concentrations in coal, slag and fly ash were found to be 152.8 +/- 12.1, 401.3 +/- 25.0 and 439.0 +/- 30.2 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The radium equivalent activities of samples varied from 147.6 +/- 8.5 to 1077.4 +/- 53.3 Bq kg(-1). The gamma and alpha index of one thermal power plant's fly ash were calculated to be 3.5 and 5 times higher than that of the reference values. The gamma absorbed dose rates were found to be higher than that of the average Earth's crust. The annual effective dose of residues measured in four thermal power plants were calculated higher than that of the permitted dose rate for public, i.e. 1 mSv y(-1).