© 2017 by the American College of ProsthodontistsPurpose: To evaluate microleakage in roots restored with fiber posts cemented using three different luting cements, to measure the volume of voids/gaps within the obturated/postcemented root canals, and to examine whether microleakage and the volume of voids/gaps were correlated. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six extracted human mandibular incisors were decoronated, and the root canals were obturated using gutta-percha and sealer in the experimental groups (n = 30). Six roots were used as controls. A standard post space was prepared, and an identically sized fiber post was cemented in each experimental specimen using one of three luting cements (Panavia F2.0, Bifix SE, GC FujiCEM; n = 10 each). The specimens were scanned using micro–computed tomography, and the volume of voids/gaps was determined. The specimens were then subjected to a fluid filtration assay to evaluate microleakage. Results: The volume of voids/gaps was significantly lower in the GC FujiCEM group, and significantly less microleakage occurred in the Bifix SE group compared with other groups (both p < 0.001). A significant correlation between the volume of voids/gaps and leakage was found only in the Panavia F2.0 group (p = 0.003; r = 0.830). No such correlation was found in the analysis of all groups combined. Conclusions: The group with the greatest volume of voids/gaps (Bifix SE) showed the least microleakage, and the group with the smallest volume of voids/gaps (GC FujiCEM) showed the most microleakage. Panavia F2.0 ranked between and exhibited significant correlation.