THE FOUNDATION OF CHEPNI TURCOMANS AND GUVENC ABDAL OCAK IN THE MIDDLE AND EASTERN BLACK SEA REGIONS


Demir N.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, no.63, pp.77-110, 2012 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 63
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.77-110

Abstract

Chepnis are one of 24 tribes of Oghuz Turks. Dominated after the Battle of Malazgirt (Manzikert) in 1071, Danishmends, predominantly Chepni Turcomans who have taken over the conquest of the northern region of Anatolia, and made the first capital of the Sivas. After than, Niksar had been accepted as the capital city. Related to the multiplicity of place names around Niksar and Sivas are remarkable. When Danismends Principality had been demolished, Chepni Turcomans established Haciemirogullan Principality in Mesudiye, Kale Village. After that, central of principality had been moved to Eskipazar located 4 km north of the province of the Ordu. Common on the rocks around Mesudiye Chepni stamps are worth noting. Historical sources principality managers were referred to as "Mir-i Cepniyan". K and other surrounding area had been recorded as "Vilayet-i Cepni" in tax registers. Haci Bektash Veli, to help in this area, and religious issues in order to clarify the settlement of Turkmen Chepni charged Guvenc Abdal and sent him to Kurtun, Taslica Village. Alawis in the region still depended on Guvenc Abdal family and this family is still located in the Gurgentepe. Chepni Turcomans had settled permanently on this region-from west of Unye to Vakfikebir at this time. Haciemirogullari Principality was founded by Chepni Turcomans, connected to the Ottoman Empire in 1427, and left the stage of history. Chepni Turcomans in 1461 with the conquest of Trabzon moved from place to place as in Artvin. After a while they settled there. Chepni culture of the region is still alive. Connected to the east of Trabzon and Giresun Salpazari is still living in the townships of Besikduzu Chepnis as is called. This style of dress and the oral culture of the region are known as the Chepni culture. Chepni rugs on the rocks, and stamps can be added to the Chepni culture.