Covid-19: The Biggest Threat of the 21st Century: In Respectful Memory of the Warriors All Over the World


Karcioglu O., Yuksel A., Baha A., Er A. B. , Esendagli D., Gulhan P. Y. , ...Daha Fazla

TURKISH THORACIC JOURNAL, cilt.21, sa.6, ss.409-418, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5152/turkthoracj.2020.20069
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH THORACIC JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.409-418

Özet

Since the first case was diagnosed in China, the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) has become the number one issue in the world and it seems to remain trend-topic for a long time. Until 17 April, it affected 210 countries, infected over 2 million people and caused approximately 150000 deaths. Although the course of the disease ranges from asymptomatic state to severe ARDS; the majority of patients reveal only mild symptoms. Though adults are the most commonly affected group; it can also be seen in newborns and elderly patients. Unfortunately, elderly patients are the most vulnerable group with higher mortality. Elderly patients, smokers and patients with comorbid conditions are most affected by the disease. In certain diagnostical tool is the real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) test. However, it can be resulted in false-negative results and in this case the computed thorax tomography (CT) is one of the most important tools with high sensitivity. Besides the supportive treatment, most commonly used agents are immunomodulatory drugs such as plaquenil and azitromycin, and anti-virals including oseltamivir, ritonavir-lopinavir, favipiravir. Until a vaccine or a specific therapy invented, the most important intervention to control the disease is to fight against transmission. This is a real war and the doctors are the soldiers.