A Look at the History of Animation (Cartoon) in Terms of Cultural Transfer Animasyon (Çizgi Film) Tarihine Kültür Aktarımı Açısından Bir Bakış


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Aslan E.

Folklor/Edebiyat, vol.27, no.108, pp.1059-1074, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 108
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.22559/folklor.1953
  • Journal Name: Folklor/Edebiyat
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1059-1074
  • Keywords: animation, animation history, cartoon, folklore, culture transfer
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021 Cyprus International University. All rights reserved.As a result of technological developments, radical changes have taken place in the field of study of many disciplines. In particular, science branches like folklore are using more and more from digital fields in terms of data collection and analysis. In this context, genres such as animation, which arise due to technological developments, function as a contemporary “folklore narrative” in the 21st century due to the cultural element they contain. The animation, which has a history of about 100 years, has a folkloric infrastructure, especially with the establishment of the Disney Studio. From this point of view, it will be seen that animation also has a great deal of function on culture transfer. A clear example of this is Japan. The animations created by adding their own cultural elements to the techniques they acquire from the West are an important tool in the popularization of Japanese culture. Animation, which has a history of about 60 years in Turkey, has shown a great improvement especially with the establishment of TRT Children’s channel and it has been provided with the representation of Turkish culture. Dede Korkut Stories and Keloğlan, which have been transferred to animation in recent years, are examples that reflect the relationship between animation and folklore. Moreover, the animation departments at the universities allow the professional animator to train. When all these features of the animation are taken into consideration, it is possible to say that it is one of the most important cultural transmission channels of the 21st century. In this study the relationship between animation and culture transfer, was questioned on animation history and it has been concluded that animation has a great influence on cultural transfer.