Safeguarding the Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage Together

Metin Basat E.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.100, pp.61-71, 2013 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.61-71
  • Keywords: UNESCO, Convention, Natural and Cultural Heritage, Intangible Cultural Heritage, Holistic Safeguarding
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


"Constant" form of tangible cultural heritage and formation of intangible cultural heritage according to life dynamics brought different problems in the approaches of protecting culture with them. In the 1989 Recommendation by UNESCO, while the word "preservation" is used in order to give the meaning of protecting folklore, in the Agreement of Protecting Intangible Cultural Heritage the word "safeguard" is preferred; this difference in words is significant as it signalizes the difference between two heritages. When protection approaches are analyzed, it is seen that material culture can be explained through the words such as "constancy" and "consistence" while intangible cultural heritage can "change" and "transform" with people and according to contexts. Despite these differences, it is impossible to think tangible culture apart from the people that create it and practices around it, and to think intangible cultural heritage apart from the material contexts through which it continues. Thus, it is possible to say that tangible culture will transform into a dead object and intangible cultural heritage will lose its dynamic form when it is separated from the context that creates it. In this text, totalitarian protection approaches about material culture and intangible cultural heritage on the basis of 1972 Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage,1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore, 2003 Convention Safeguarding Intangible Heritage, 2004 Yamato Declaration, will be analyzed. These approaches are discussed through issues such as changing context of intangible cultural heritage and reproduction of it, city culture and museums.