Seven distinct coexistent cranial and spinal anomalies

Emmez H., Tokgoz N., Dogulu F., Yilmaz M. B. , Kale A. , Baykaner M. K.

PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, vol.42, no.5, pp.316-319, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000094070
  • Page Numbers: pp.316-319


Existence of multiple cranial and spinal anomalies in spina bifida is well known; however, coexistence of seven different severe anomalies is extremely rare. The location of the anomalies, the patient's age and presentation are other interesting aspects of the presented case. Case Report: A 1-year-old girl with an enlarged head and big, infected lumbosacral myelomeningocele (MMC) was admitted to the emergency department in a comatose state. Further investigations revealed hydrocephalus, Chiari malformation, syringohydromyelia, split cord malformation, dermal sinus tract, lumbosacral MMC, and tethered cord. Unfortunately, the patient died 3 days after admission because of meningitis and sepsis. Discussion: Coexistence of seven different craniospinal anomalies is extremely unusual. Further investigations with magnetic resonance imaging for associated anomalies, early shunt placement and MMC repair are required to prevent this life-threatening condition in spina bifida. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.