This study investigated time-dependent variations in the activities of adenosine deaminase(ADA), an adenosine-metabolizing enzyme, and myeloperoxidase(MPO),an oxidation reaction-catalyzing enzyme, in control and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat liver. The animals were sacrificed at six different times of day (1, 5, 9, 13, 17 and 21 hours after lights on-HALO). The hepatic activity of ADA did not change depending on the STZ treatment whereas MPO activity was significantly higher in the diabetics than in the controls. Hepatic ADA activity was dependent on the time of sacrifice with the lowest activity at 21 HALO and the highest activity at 5 HALO. Both enzyme activities failed to show any significant interaction between STZ treatment and time of sacrifice, which means that diabetes does not influence the 24 h pattern of these activities. Since MPO, a heme protein localized in the leukocytes, is involved in the killing of microorganisms, increased MPO activity in diabetic rat liver may reflect leukocyte infiltration secondary to diabetes. A reduction in ADA activity during the dark (activity/feeding) period will presumably lead to high concentrations of adenosine in the liver, possibly contributing to changes in some metabolic processes, such as glycogen turnover and oxygen supply.