In spite of their environmental and human health problems, the cutting fluids still have been used widely in industry due to cutting fluid application can increase cutting performance in metal cutting. In this article, the effect of the cutting fluid on surface roughness in boring of AISI 1030 low carbon steel was investigated depending on BUE and chip formations and other cutting parameters, such as cutting speed, feed rate and tool nose radius. In most of boring experiments, the wet cutting did not show more preferable results than dry cutting. However, cutting fluid application with big nose radius and small feed rate improved the surface roughness up to 80%. This progress was attributed to a favorable chip formation as much as effective cooling.