Methamphetamine Intoxication in Children: A Single-Center Experience


Yiğit M., Gokdol M. Y., Kalaycı F., Akca Çağlar A., Akcan Yıldız L., Kurt F., ...More

Türkiye Çocuk Hastalıkları Dergisi, vol.0, no.00, pp.527-531, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0 Issue: 00
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Türkiye Çocuk Hastalıkları Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.527-531
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

ABSTRACT Objective: Illicit substances, especially methamphetamine, are becoming increasingly popular with adolescents in Turkey as well as around the world. Most of the studies conducted for this purpose in Turkey are survey studies. Our study therefore aimed to evaluate the clinical features and laboratory parameters of patients who applied to our hospital and were found to have methamphetamine intoxication. Material and Methods: Patients under 18 who applied to the Ankara City Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) between August 2019 and December 2021 and were found to be positive for methamphetamine in the urine drug screening were included in the study,and their data were evaluated retrospectively. Results: We reviewed 10 cases presenting to our PED with methamphetamine intoxication. The mean age was 16.3 ± 0.94 (14-17) and 80% of patients were male. Eight patients concealed substance use at admission. The most frequent complaints upon presentation were cardiovascular, neurological, and gastrointestinal system symptoms. Concomitant alcohol use was detected in four patients, multidrug use in one patient. No significant pathology was observed in the laboratory tests. Gastric perforation was detected in one patient with abdominal pain, and pneumomediastinum was detected in one patient with chest pain. Conclusion: There are no specific clinical and laboratory indicators of methamphetamine intoxication, and substance abuse should be considered in all cases where a possible reason cannot explain the patient’s clinical findings. Children who use alcohol should be questioned about substance abuse, care should be taken in terms of multiple substance use, and follow-up and rehabilitation plans for patients should be made accordingly. Key Words: Alcohol, Children, Methamphetamine, Substances, Urine Drug Screening