Introduction In elbow surgery; posterior side of joint has been described as the front door for accessing the elbow pathologies. Triceps splitting, triceps reflection, posterolateral Kocher, posteromedial Bryan-Morrey, modified MacAusland transolecranon approaches are the well known posterior surgical approaches. In the English literature, release and transposition of ulnar nerve on the medial side was fully described in posterior approaches. We believe that there was a need to identify the structures at the lateral aspect of the elbow while an iatrogenic injury may inversely effect an excellent radiological result. Therefore, we exposed the detailed innervation supply to the anconeus muscle and medial head of triceps muscle and tried to show possible denervation sites of these two structures during posterior approaches.