ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.54, no.23, pp.5376-5380, 2009 (SCI-Expanded)
The voltammeric behavior of the herbicide cyclosulfamuron has been studied by square wave stripping voltammetry (SWSV). Cyclosulfamuron was reduced on a static mercury drop electrode (SMDE) and gave a well-defined peak in the pH range of 3.0-7.0. The peak potential (E-p) shifts to a more negative potential with increasing pH. The ratio Delta E-p/Delta pH over the pH range studied was 59.5 mV/pH. A systematic study of the various experimental parameters that affect the stripping response was studied by SWV. The square wave parameters used were a frequency of 150 Hz, an amplitude of -60 mV and a staircase step of 6.0 mV. The quantifications were performed by the standard addition method, from the SW voltammetric peak obtained at -1348 mV. Calibration curves were linear in the range of 10-350 mu g L-1 with a detection limit of 3.5 mu g L-1 under the conditions used (pH 6.0 buffer solution, E-acc = -400 mV vs. Ag/AgCl, t(acc) = 75 s). The validity of the developed methodology was assessed by recovery experiments at the 25-100 mu g L-1 level. The mean results for 3 determinations were 49.7 +/- 3.3 mu g L-1, which is very close to the amount of cyclosulfamuron added to soil (50 mu g L-1), with a recovery of 99.4%. The sufficiently good recoveries and low relative standard deviation (RSD) data reflects the high accuracy and precision of the proposed SW voltammetric method. The possible influences of various inorganic species and other pesticides were also investigated. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.