Biodegradation of pesticide triclosan by A. versicolor in simulated wastewater and semi-synthetic media


Tastan B., DÖNMEZ G.

PESTICIDE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY, vol.118, pp.33-37, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 118
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2014.11.002
  • Journal Name: PESTICIDE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.33-37
  • Keywords: Fungus, Triclosan, 2,4-dichlorophenol, Biodegradation, Wastewater treatment, DEGRADATION, TOXICITY, BIOREMOVAL, METALS, DYE
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Triclosan is known as an antimicrobial agent, a powerful bacteriostat and an important pesticide. In this paper biodegradation of triclosan by Aspergillus versicolor was investigated. Effects of simulated wastewater and semi-synthetic media on fungal triclosan degradation process were detected. HPLC analysis showed that fungal triclosan biodegradation yield was 71.91% at about 7.5 mg/L concentration in semisynthetic medium and was 37.47% in simulated wastewater. Fungus could be able to tolerate the highest triclosan concentration (15.69 mg/L). The biodegradation yield was 29.81% and was 2.22 mg/g at this concentration. Some of the parameters, such as pH, culture media, increasing triclosan and biomass concentrations were optimized in order to achieve the effective triclosan biodegradation process. The highest triclosan biodegradation yields of all microorganisms were achieved by A. versicolor. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.