Characteristics of the frequency spectra of wind-waves in Eastern Black Sea

Yilmaz N., Ozhan E.

OCEAN DYNAMICS, cilt.64, ss.1419-1429, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 64 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10236-014-0756-z
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1419-1429


Spectral information for wind-waves in the Black Sea is extremely limited. Knowledge on spectral characteristics of wind-waves would contribute to scientific, engineering, and operational coastal and marine activities in the Black Sea, and would allow a better understanding of the nature of the waves occurring in this enclosed basin. Frequency spectra obtained from the directional buoys deployed offshore Sinop and Hopa in Turkey, and Gelendzhik in Russia were utilized as the three sets of data to investigate characteristics of wind-waves frequency spectra for the Eastern Black Sea. Records were firstly analyzed to identify them as uni-modal or multi-modal spectra. Single-peaked spectra were then identified as belonging to fully arisen or developing sea states. Parameters of the JONSWAP and PM model spectra were estimated for the corresponding sea state by using a least square error method. Finally, the records of developing seas were further analyzed to select the ones belonging to stable wind conditions. ECMWF analysis wind fields were utilized as the wind information corresponding to the wave records. Fetch dependencies of non-dimensional spectral variables (variance and peak frequency) and alpha parameter of the JONSWAP model spectrum were investigated for this data sub-set.