Background and Purpose: This study aimed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of brain stem morphologic changes to differentiate the progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA), by single and combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements. Materials and Methods: Peduncle angle (PA), pons area (P), mesencephalon area (M), middle cerebellar peduncles (MCPs), and superior cerebellar peduncles (SCPs) were measured in 14 PSP, 43 PD, 8 MSA patients, and 45 age-matched control participants on T1-weighted MRI. Neurologists clinically diagnosed all patients. Additionally, P/M ratio, MCPs/SCPs ratio, the previously defined Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index, MRPI: (P/M) (MCP/SCP), and also the Akdeniz Index (AKI) that we termed were calculated, AKI: (P/M) (PA/180). Two blinded radiologists evaluated all MR images and inter-/intraobserver variations were measured. Results: Both M and SCPs were significantly lower and P/M, MCPs/SCPs, and PA were significantly higher in PSP patients than the other groups (P < .001). This significance was related to patients with PSP and PD. But all single measurements showed some overlapping values. Therefore, previously defined MRPI was calculated and shown to distinguish patients (negative predictive values: 92%, sensitivity: 78%, specificity: 82%). In this study, interobserver correlation (0.68) was found low for MRPI. Therefore, we identified a more practical index: the Akdeniz Index, which has same diagnostic power with MRPI and higher interobserver correlation (0.91). Conclusion: The Akdeniz Index identified in our study is a practical index with high diagnostic power and can reinforce radiological distinguishing of PSP and PD, which are clinically difficult to distinguish.