25th European Congress on Obesity, Vienna, Austria, 23 - 26 May 2018, pp.181
Deniz Güneş, B.; Acar Tek, N.; Akbulut, G.
Nutrition and Dietetics, Gazi University, Ankara/Turkey
Introduction: In addition to adequate and balanced nutrition in maintaining body composition, there is a need for a lifestyle that is maintained
with regular exercise habits. Abdominal obesity is an indication of visceral fat. Even if the body weight is normal, abdominal obesity is accepted
as a risk factor for many diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate
abdominal obesity in individuals with normal body mass index and correlate them with activities of daily living.
Methods: A total of 334 individuals (98 male, 236 female) aged between
18 and 29 years participated in the research. A questionnaire was applied
to question the demographic characteristics, physical activity status of
the individuals and anthropometric measurements such as body weight,
height, waist, hip, neck circumference were taken. Waist/hip ratios and
waist/height ratios, a marker of abdominal obesity, were calculated. Waist
circumference >102 cm in males, >88 cm in females, waist/hip ratio in
males >0.90, females >0.85 and waist/height ratio ≥0.5 indicated the presence of abdominal obesity.
Results: The BMI classification of the individuals participating in the
study was in the normal range and the average age of the individuals was
21.6 ± 1.73 years. The proportion of participants with regular physical
activity was 14.7%. When daily activities were questioned, it was determined that they spent most of their time watching TV-sitting-reading
(610.0 ± 207.10 min), sleeping (473.9 ± 69.00 min) and standing office
work (374.9 ± 225.37 min). Individuals had abdominal obesity at 2.1%
according to waist circumference, 17.4% according to waist/hip ratio and
11.1% according to waist/height ratio. Positive correlation was found between sitting time and waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, waist/height
ratio (r = 0.175, p < 0.01; r = 0.144, p < 0.01; r = 0.234, p < 0.01, respectively). A negative correlation was determined between the standing office work time and waist/height ratio (r = -0.130, p < 0.05). There was no
statistically significant difference between abdominal obesity and regular
activities (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of abdominal obesity was high in individuals
with normal BMI. It should be emphasized that this is a situation that
should be taken into consideration for underweight and normal individuals. For this reason, abdominal obesity should be assessed to prevent cardiovascular risks, metabolic syndrome and other related chronic diseases
in non-obese people.