Problems Encountered in Virtual English Language Classes and Solutions to These Problems

Yastıbaş A. E., Çınar Yastıbaş G.

in: Challenge, Create, Innovate Voices of ELT Professionals from the Virtual Classroom, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Elif Tokdemir Demirel, Editor, Livre De Lyon, Lyon, pp.25-52, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Livre De Lyon
  • City: Lyon
  • Page Numbers: pp.25-52
  • Editors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Elif Tokdemir Demirel, Editor
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The shift from traditional English language teaching (ELT) to online and distance ELT due to Covid-19 has increased the significance of the use of technology in English language teaching. Because of this, virtual English language classes have become the key teaching environment in ELT. However, the rapid transition to online and distance ELT has brought different problems to virtual English language classes. Accordingly, the aim of the present study is to find out what kind of problems have emerged and how these problems have been dealt with in virtual English language classes. The present study was designed as a qualitative case study. Seven Turkish EL teachers working at three different Turkish universities participated in the study. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview. The collected data were content analyzed. The findings of the present study have indicated that the participants encountered 23 problems resulting from students, technology, teachers, and the nature of online and distance education. The findings have also showed that the participants developed their own solutions such as making motivation speeches and using different technological tools to deal with the problems they encountered. The findings of the present study were discussed, its implications were mentioned, and suggestions for further research were made.