In the current study, the magazines released from the time of declaration of the Republic to 1960s and the contribution of these magazines to the formation of national identity and values were investigated. Quantitative research method was used in the study. In this research, it is likely to say that basic characteristics of the Republic of Turkey were tried to be attained through writings, novels, stories, tales, poems and travel writings published in the child magazines. The emphasis on Turkish identity and pure Turkish were dominant up to 1950s and the awareness of homeland, nation, culture and history was given through heroic stories. Moreover, the issues over making the readers attain the values concerning Turkish Culture were highlighted and children were made to attain the consciousness of national identity. (C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of Academic World Education and Research Center.