Goal Programming Model for Production-Distribution Planning by Considering Carbon Emission

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GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, vol.33, no.1, pp.135-150, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.35378/gujs.471083
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-150
  • Keywords: Production-distribution planning, Goal programming, Lead times, Bill-of-materials, Carbon emission, CHAIN NETWORK DESIGN, MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION, INTEGRATED PRODUCTION
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Companies must manage their supply chains effectively under changing conditions in marketplace in order to be successful against their competitors. As a result of some regulations in recent years, companies are forced to consider the damage they cause to the environment by their supply chain activities. In this paper, a production-distribution problem, which concerns economic and environmental effects, is considered. A multi-product, multi-stage production-distribution network with different transportation alternatives is modelled in the problem. A goal programming model is proposed to support planning decisions of this production-distribution network by considering the profit of network activities and the carbon emission value caused by material and product transportation. A randomly generated set of test data was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed model. The results show that the proposed model can be used as an effective tool for environmentally friendly production-distribution planning.