A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, spore-forming actinobacterial strain, designated 160415(T), was isolated from a surface soil sample, which was formed on basaltic parent material, collected from Samsun, Turkey. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 160415(T) clustered closely with species of the genus Nonomuraea, and showed the highest sequence similarity to Nonomuraea zeae NEAU-ND5(T), Nonomuraea candida HMC10(T) and Nonomuraea turkmeniaca DSM 43926(T) with 99.1%, 98.9% and 98.7%, respectively. Chemotaxonomic properties including major menaquinones, diaminopimelic acid, sugar and phospholipid profiles also confirmed the affiliation of the strain to the genus Nonomuraea. The DNA G+C content of strain 160415(T) was 69.6 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between the strain and closely related type strains were less than the recommended cut-off values. On the basis of phylogenetic relationships, genotypic and phenotypic characterizations, strain 160415(T) represents a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea, for which the name Nonomuraea basaltis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 160415(T) (= KCTC 39875(T) = DSM 104309(T)).