In the present study, aluminium 7039-based 10% weight fraction of SiC and 10% metal matrix composites (MMCs) were produced by powder metallurgy and investigated the influential machining parameters on surface quality using an uncoated carbide tool under dry cutting environment. The experiments were performed based on Taguchi's ( with a mixed orthogonal array. The optimal cutting parameters for better surface finish were defined using signal-to-noise (S / N) ratio, central composite desirability function and regression analysis. Experimental results showed that the finished surface was significantly affected by the interfacial bonding effect of reinforcement particles and built-up edge formation. Better surface roughness was obtained in the milling of AA7039/-MMCs. The analysis findings indicated that the most significant cutting parameters on the finished surface were the cutting speed and feed rate. The cutting depth was not shown to have a meaningful correlation with surface quality in the milling of both MMCs. Artificial neural network was produced a low prediction error as compared to the regression modelling.