Analysis of the effects of lubricating oil viscosity and engine speed on piston-cylinder liner frictions in a single cylinder HCCI engine by GT-SUITE program

KUNT M. A., CALAM A., Gunes H.



Engines with homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) are the low-temperature combustion models in which automatic oxidation reactions occur with the effect of in-cylinder pressure and heat at the end of preparation of homogenous air-fuel mixture and compression stroke within the cylinder by means of port injection or early direct injection. In-cylinder gas temperatures of such engines during the cycle are lower than conventional internal combustion engines. Therefore, they cause zero NOx and soot emissions. Moreover, the occurrence of combustion in very small crankshaft angles results in a decrease in heat losses observed in cylinder walls and an increase in thermal efficiency. Reducing mechanical friction is highly significant for increasing the effective productivity of HCCI engines. In internal combustion engines, 10% of total energy obtained from the fuel is spent on the heat emerging due to mechanical frictions. 20% of mechanical friction results from the friction occurring between piston ring and liners. In this article, frictional characteristics of compression ring (TOP) and piston skirt area have been examined for two different engine speeds and lubricants, by using technical properties of single-cylinder HCCI engine and in-cylinder pressure and temperature data obtained under full load by means of GT-SUITE software. As the increase in pressure, occurring inside the cylinder at the end of the exhaust stroke and at the beginning of intake stroke, increases ring pressure load in HCCI engines, higher level of piston ring frictions has been observed when compared to internal combustion engines with the same technical properties. Piston ring contact pressure force is a more effective parameter in terms of piston frictions, when compared to hydrodynamic pressure force. The use of lubricants with higher viscosity (SAE 10W-40) has enabled the piston to move more laterally. According to the analysis results, a maximum piston speed of 3.92 m/s for 800 rpm engine speed and 7.85 m/s for 1600 rpm engine speed has been obtained. Maximum friction power losses have been found as 63.84 W at 800 rpm engine speed and 85.91 W at 1600 rpm engine speed. Oil film thickness has obtained in the middle of the piston stroke in the intake, compression, power and exhaust strokes, respectively, 1.809, 1.674, 1.547 and 1.792 mu m at 800 rpm engine speed and 1.101, 1.018, 0.932 and 1.119 mu m at 1600 rpm engine speed.