Simultaneous determination of selenium and lead in whole blood samples by differential pulse polarography

Inam R., Somer G.

TALANTA, vol.46, no.6, pp.1347-1355, 1998 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0039-9140(97)00422-0
  • Journal Name: TALANTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1347-1355
  • Keywords: blood, differential pulse polarography, selenium and lead determination, ANODIC-STRIPPING VOLTAMMETRY, BIOLOGICAL-MATERIALS, COPPER
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The polarographic reduction of lead in the presence of selenite gives rise to an additional peak corresponding to the reduction of lead (Pb) on adsorbed selenium (Se) on mercury at - 0.33 V. The selenium and lead content can be determined using this peak by the addition of a known amount of one of these ions first and then the second ion. The linear domain range of lead is 5.0 x 10(-7)-2.0 x 10(-5) M and for selenium 5.0 x 10(-7)-1.0 x 10(-5) M. Using this method 4.90 x 10(-7) M Se(IV) and 1.47 x 10(-6) M Pb(II) in a synthetic sample could be determined with a relative error of + 2.0% and 1.8%, respectively (n = 4). A recovery test after acid digestion for a synthetic sample was 97% for selenium and 96.5% for lead. The method was applied to 1 mi of digested blood, and 328 +/- 23 mu g l(-1) Se(IV) and 850 +/- 62 mu g l(-1) Pb(II) could be determined with a 90% (n = 5) confidence interval. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.