Tykhe Sanat ve Tasarım Dergisi, cilt.8, sa.5, ss.35-57, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)
Industrial revolutions are in a close relationship with the technological developments of the era they are in. The rapid changes in the information and communication technologies made Industry 4.0 possible. The idea behind Industry 4.0 is to create a social network where machines use basic internet protocol, collects huge datas and communicate with each other, called the Internet of Things (IoT) and with people, called the Internet of People (IoP). Due to globalization of the market and the high speed of technological change, it is important for businesses to adapt to these practices in order to survive. When the matter of Turkey's manufacturing model, 99% of the manufacturing industry in Turkey is constituted by KOBIs and Micro-scale enterprises comprise 99.4% of them. When we consider Turkey's success or failure of the Industry 4.0 transition process, we can say that KOBIs has a big impact. For this reason, a micro-scale company named Selçuk Plastik, which produces plastic barrels and plastic can with semi-automatic machines, has been selected in the study. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the production structure of the micro-scale company, to adapt it to a fictional Industry 4.0 factory model, to compare the advantages and disadvantages of both systems and to identify possible difficulties in transition process. While the face-to-face interview and observation method was used to analyze the selected business, the literature review method was used to design the fictional model. As a result, although Industry 4.0 has made a great transformation in many issues such as cost reduction, production efficiency, uninterrupted production in standard quality; KOBIs' low technology infrastructures and low capital seem to be the biggest obstacle to the transformation process. In the improvement of the low technological infrastructure of KOBIs, gradual optimization of the enterprise is suggested instead of a total transformation. For capital, which is seen as another obstacle, it is thought that the support funds such as KOSGEB will be very useful for the Industry 4.0 transition process.