A Micromonospora strain, designated DS3186(T), isolated from sediment collected from the Black Sea off the Yason Peninsula, Ordu, Turkey, was examinated using a polyphasic approach. The strain was found to have chemotaxonomic, morphological and phylogenetic properties consistent with its clasification in the genus Micromonospora. A comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the strain was closely related to the type strains of Micromonospora olivasterospora (99.0 %), Micromonospora equina (98.8 %), Micromonospora rhizosphaerae (98.8 %) and Micromonospora viridifaciens (98.8 %); low levels of DNA-DNA relatednes were found between the isolate and the M. olivasterospora and M. rhizosphaerae strains. Corresponding phylogenetic analysis based on partial gyrB gene sequences showed that strain DS3186(T) formed a subclade with the type strains of Micromonospora eburnea, M. equina, Micromonospora narathiwatensis and M. viridifaciens. Strain DS3186(T) was distinguished from its close phylogenetic neighbours using a combination of chemotaxonomic, morphological and physiological properties. Consequently, it is proposed that strain DS3186(T) represents a novel Micromonospora species for which the name Micromonospora yasonensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DS3186(T) (=DSM 45980(T) = KCTC 29433(T)).