Neovascularization of the testicle through spermatic vessels by omental pedicle flap: A new experimental model

Sonmez K. , Basaklar A., Turkyilmaz Z. , Demirogullari B., Numanoglu V., Konus O., ...More

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, vol.30, no.12, pp.1654-1657, 1995 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 1995
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0022-3468(95)90444-1
  • Page Numbers: pp.1654-1657


The aim of this experimental study in rats was to consider the supplementary role of an omental pedicle flap on the neovascularization of the testicles through the spermatic vessels, for which a Fowler-Stephens procedure had been planned, To compare results, 12 animals had only the spermatic vessels ligated, without an additional procedure (Fowler-Stephens procedure [FS group]), and 12 others had omentopexy of the spermatic vessels of the left testes, with ligation of the vessels 4 weeks later (Fowler-Stephens procedure plus omentopexy [FSO group]). In the sham group (n = 8), only omentopexy of the left spermatic vessels was performed. Six rats served as controls. In each rat, both testes were evaluated by color Doppler ultrasonography to assess capsular and intratesticular blood flow, followed by orchiectomy to determine testicular weights, testicular biopsy scores, and mean seminiferous tubule diameters. Data were analyzed statistically. According to the color Doppler ultrasonography, the testicular blood flow in the FSO group was better than that of the FS group, but was less sufficient than that of the sham and control groups. The testicular weights and biopsy scores for the FSO group were statistically greater than those of the FS group, and less than those of the sham and control groups. There was no significant difference in the mean seminiferous tubule diameters of the FSO and FS groups. The contralateral testes of the four groups did not differ significantly for any parameter. In light of the data available, it is suggested that the omental pedicle flap neovascularizes the testicle through spermatic vessels. Given the high incidence of testicular atrophy associated with Fowler-Stephens orchiopexies, it might be beneficial to perform laparoscopic orchiopexy of testicles neovascularized with omental pedicle flaps as the first-stage procedure. (C) 1995 by W.B. Saunders Company