Oxidation of substituted benzyl alcohols by quinoxalinium dichromate. A kinetic study


Ozgun B., Degirmenbasi N.

MONATSHEFTE FUR CHEMIE, cilt.135, sa.5, ss.483-491, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 135 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00706-003-0143-9
  • Dergi Adı: MONATSHEFTE FUR CHEMIE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.483-491

Özet

Quinoxalinium dichromate (QxDC) oxidizes benzyl alcohol and substituted benzyl alcohols smoothly in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and in the presence of acid to the corresponding aldehydes. The reaction has unit dependence on each of the alcohol, QxDC, and acid concentrations. Electron-releasing substituents accelerate the reaction, whereas electron-withdrawing groups retard the reaction, and the rate data obey Hammett's relationship. The reaction constant rho was -1.09 +/- 0.01 at 303 K. Oxidation of alpha,alpha-dideuteriobenzyl alcohol indicated the presence of a substantial primary kinetic isotope effect (k(H)/k(D) = 6.78 at 303 K). The reaction failed to induce the polymerization of acrylonitrile. The rates of oxidation were determined at different temperatures and the activation parameters were evaluated. The analysis of the dependence of the kinetic isotope effect on temperature indicated that the reaction involves a symmetrical cyclic transition state. A suitable mechanism is proposed.