The Effect Of Antifreeze Admixtures On Compressive Strength Of Concretes Subjected To Frost Action


Arslan M., Cullu M., DURMUŞ G.

GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, vol.24, no.2, pp.299-307, 2011 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.299-307
  • Keywords: Antifreeze, concrete production in cold weather, compressive strength
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of antifreeze admixture used in the concretes subjected to frost action on the concrete compressive strength. Three groups of concrete samples of C30 class were prepared with antifreeze admixtures by using the mixture of 30% calcium nitrate and 5% hydroxy ethoxy amin (A), calcium nitrate (B), Polyhydroxy amine (C). Concrete samples are put in the freezer in a fresh state 15 min after the mixing. Samples are subjected to frost action in 0, - 5, - 10, - 15 and - 20 degrees C degrees for 48 hours. On the concrete samples water cured after 48 hours, compressive strength tests of 28 day are conducted. Consequently, it is seen that with the increase of the set temperature that concrete is cured, compressive strength of concrete is decreased and among all types of antifreezes the maximum decrease is seen between 0 and - 5 degrees C while the decrease in compressive strength is relatively less for - 10, - 15 and - 20 degrees C.