Extensive efforts have been made in the research and development of smart textile systems in recent years. One of these developments in smart materials is shape memory applications. Shape memory materials (SMM) are smart materials that can remember and recover substantial programmed deformation upon activation and exposing to an external stimulus such as chemicals, temperature, pH, light, a magnetic field, etc. Shape memory materials have been used in many areas and textile application of this technology has covered a wide usage recently. Today's textile concept isn't the similar to past and expectations of people from textile have been changing more and more. In this point, shape memory materials can answer these needs in textile due to its smart features. Shape-memory materials can be used in textile as clothing, yarn and fabric. The application possibilities are only limited by our imagination and creativity, so shape-memory productions have been able to gain a different aspect to textile. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.