Investigation of temperature dependent negative capacitance in the forward bias C-V characteristics of (Au/Ti)/Al2O3/n-GaAs Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs)


Guclu C. S. , Ozdemir A. F. , Karabulut A., Kokce A., Altindal Ş.

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, vol.89, pp.26-31, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mssp.2018.08.019
  • Title of Journal : MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.26-31
  • Keywords: Au/Ti)/Al2O3/n-GaAs SBDs, Atomic layer deposition, Negative capacitance in the forward bias C-V curves, Temperature and voltage dependence, SERIES RESISTANCE, DIELECTRIC-PROPERTIES, INTERFACE STATES, CURRENT-VOLTAGE, ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS, EXCESS CAPACITANCE, ANOMALOUS PEAK, LOW-FREQUENCY, SI, CONDUCTIVITY

Abstract

In this study, a metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) type Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) were fabricated by growing a thin Al2O3 insulator layer between Au/Ti and n-GaAs using atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The effect of temperature and voltage on interface states (N-ss) and series resistance (R-s) of the (Au/Ti)/Al2O3/n-GaAs (MIS) type Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) was investigated using the capacitance/conductance-voltage (C/ (G/omega-V) data measured in wide range of temperature (200-380 K) and voltage (+/- 5 V). It was found that C and G/omega are strongly dependent on temperature and voltage. The value of C in the forward bias region reaches to maximum and then becomes negative. This negative capacitance (NC) behavior of this SBD is observed for each temperature level. Also, capacitance-current (C-I) and conductance-current (G/omega-I) plots were drawn to explain the NC behavior. The negative value of C in the accumulation region corresponds to the maximum value of G/omega. Such behavior of C can be explained by the loss of interface charges located at (Al2O3)/n-GaAs interface because of impact ionization process, the existence of surface states (N-ss), series resistance (R-s) and interfacial of (Al2O3) oxide layer.Therefore, the voltage dependent profiles of R-s and N-ss were obtained using Nicollian-Brews and Hill-Colleman methods for enough high forward biases as a function of temperature at various positive bias voltages. The changes in R-s and N-ss values were attributed to restructure and reordering of the carriers under temperature and voltage effects.