An Intertextual Approach to Nazim Hikmet's Play "Ferhad and Sirin" in the Context of the Socialist Realism


Bektas N.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.83, ss.41-47, 2009 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 83
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.41-47

Özet

In the 1st Soviet Writers Union Congress in 1943, Maksim Gorki who has formulized the socialist realism movement, advised socialist realist writers in his speech to benefit from folklore. So the writers would easily be able to find the material they need for their works in folklore and would be able to feed their works with positive characters. After this congress, the socialist realism which was determined to be the concept of art by the Soviet Communist Party effected many artists who have produced works in several braches of art such as literature, painting and cinema in Turkey just like it did in the Soviets. Nazim Hikmet Ran is one of these artists. Nazim Hikmet who has frequently used products of folklore in his works has interpreted folk places in oral traditional, communism as the political ideology he has adopted and the reflection of this ideology in art in the context of the principles of the socialist realism movement within his own fictional structure in his works. In these interpretations he has installed the themes he uses in his works and their meanings to the folk places. The writer has written the play "Ferhad and Sirin' in 1948 by using the interpretation technique. The play "Ferhad and Sirin" which is a folk story was rewritten with a new technique, point of view and meaning within the fictional structure of the play. In this session, the relationship between the two texts - the play version of "Ferhad and Sirin" written by Nazim Hikmet and the folk story version of "Ferhat and Sirin" - will be analyzed. This analysis will be made in the context of socialist realism into account and in the analysis the "palempsest theory" that was found by Gerard Genette to explain the relationship between two texts will be used.